|Part iv - on-board communication phrases|
Order course to be steered
Chapter A: Operative Shiphandling
IV-A/ 1 Standard wheel orders
All wheel orders given should be repeated by the helmsman and the officer of the watch should ensure that they are carried out correctly and immediately. All wheel orders should be held until countermanded. The helmsman should report immediately if the vessel does not answer the wheel.
When there is concern that the helmsman is inattentives s/he should be questioned:
"What is your course?" And s/he should respond:
"My course ... degrees."
1. Midships Rudder to be held in the fore and aft position.
2. Port five 50 of port rudder to be held.
3. Port ten 100 of port rudder to be held.
4. Port fifteen 150 of port rudder to be held.
5. Port twenty 200 of port rudder to be held.
6. Port twenty-five 250 of port rudder to be held.
7. Hard -a-port Rudder to be held fully over to port.
8. Starboard five 50 of starboard rudder to be held.
9. Starboard ten 100 of starboard rudder to be held.
10. Starboard fifteen 150 of starboard rudder to be held.
11. Starboard twenty 200 of starboard rudder to be held.
12. Starboard twenty-five 250 of starboard rudder to be held.
13. Hard-a- starboard Rudder to be held fully over to starboard.
14. Ease to five Reduce amount of rudder to 50 and hold.
15. Ease to ten Reduce mount of rudder to 100 and hold
16. Ease to fifteen Reduce amount of rudder to 150 and hold.
17. Ease to twenty Reduce amount of rudder to 200 and hold.
18. Steady Reduce swing as rapidly as possible.
19. Steady as she goes Steer a steady course on the compass heading indicated at the time of the order. The helmsman is to repeat the order and call out the compass heading on receiving the order. When the ship is steady on that heading, the helmsman is to call out: "Steady on ..."
20. Keep buoy/ mark/ beacon/ ... on port side.
21. Keep buoy/ mark/ beacon/ ... on starboard side.
22. Report if she does not answer wheel.
23. Finished with wheel.
When the officer of the watch requires a course to be steered by compass, the direction in which s/he wants the wheel turned should be stated followed by each numeral being said separately, including zero, for example:
"Port, steer one eight two" 1820
"Starboard, steer zero eight two" 0820
"Port, steer three zero five" 3050
On receipt of an order to steer, for example, 1820, the helmsman should repeat it and bring the vessel round steadily to the course ordered. When the vessel is steady on the course ordered, the helmsman is to call out:
"Steady on one eight two".
The person giving the order should acknowledge the helmsman's reply.
If it is desired to steer on a selected mark the helmsman should be ordered to:
"Steer on ... buoy/ ... mark/ ... beacon".
The person giving the order should acknowledge the helmsman's reply.
IV-A/ 2 Standard engine orders
Any engine order given should be repeated by the person operating the bridge telegraph(s) and the officer of the watch should ensure the order is carried out correctly and immediately.
1. Full ahead
2. Half ahead
3. Slow ahead
4. Dead slow ahead
5. Stop engine(s)
6. Dead slow astern
7. Slow astern
8. Half astern
9. Full astern
10. Emergency full ahead
11. Emergency full astern
12. Stand by engine
(Engine-room personnel fully ready to manoeuvre and bridge manned to relay engine orders.)
13. Finished with engine(s)
(Movement of engine(s) no longer required.)
In vessels fitted with twin propellers, the word "both" should be added to all orders affecting both shafts, e.g. "Full ahead both", and "Slow astern both", except that the words "Stop all engines" should be used, when appropriate. When required to manoeuvre twin propellers independently, this should be indicated, i.e. "Full ahead starboard", "Half astern port", etc.
Where bow thrusters are used, the following orders are used:
14. Bow thrust full /half to port side.
15. Bow thrust full/half to starboard side.
16. Stern thrust full /half to port side.
17. Stern thrust full/half to starboard side.
18. Bow /stern thrust stop
IV-A/ 3 Handover of watchkeeping responsibilities
IV-A/ 3.1 Briefing on position, movement and draft
. 1 Present position latitude ..., longitude ... .
. 2 Present position bearing ... degrees, distance ... kilometres/nautical miles.
. 3 Present position buoy ...(charted name).
. 4 Present position between ... and... .
. 5 Present position DECCA ... , ... , ... .
. 6 Present position way point/ reporting point ... .
. 7 Present position ... .
. 8 Next way point/ reporting point/ ... .
. 9 ETA at ... ... UTC/local time.
.10 Passing buoy ...(charted name) on port side/ starboard side.
.10.1 Passed buoy ...(charted name) on port side/starboard side.
.11 Approaching buoy ...(charted name) on port side/ starboard side.
.11.1 Buoy ...(charted name) ... kilometres/ nautical miles ahead.
.12 Entering area ... .
.12.1 Entered area ... .
.13 Leaving area ... .
.13.1 Left area ... .
. 1 True course ... degrees.
. 2 Gyro compass course ... degrees.
. 2.1 Magnetic compass course ... degrees.
. 3 Gyro compass error ... degrees plus/minus.
. 3.1 Magnetic compass error ... degrees east/west.
. 4 Speed over ground ... .
. 4.1 Speed through water ... .
. 5 Set and drift ... degrees, ... knots.
. 6 Making ... degrees leeway.
. 7 Course board written up.
. 8 Next chart within .... hours.
. 1 Draft forward/ aft ... metres.
. 2 Maximum draft ... metres.
. 3 Underkeel clearance ... metres.
IV-A/ 3. 2 Briefing on traffic situation in the area
. 1 Vessel overtaking on port side/starboard side.
. 2 Vessel on opposite course.
. 3 Vessel passing on port side/starboard side.
. 4 Vessel crossing from port side.
. 4.1 Vessel will give way.
. 4.2 Vessel has given way.
. 4.3 Vessel has not given way yet.
. 4.4 Vessel standing on.
. 4.5 Vessel needs not give way.
. 5 Vessel crossing from starboard side.
. 5.1 We need not give way.
. 5.2 We will stand on.
. 5.3 We will alter course to give way.
. 5.4 We have altered course to give way.
. 5.5 Vessel will pass ... kilometres/nautical miles ahead.
. 5.6 Vessel will pass ... kilometres/nautical miles astern.
. 5.7 I will complete manoeuvre.
. 6 Vessel ahead/astern on same course.
. 7 Bearing to vessel in ... degrees constant.
. 8 Heavy traffic in area.
. 9 Fishing boats in area.
. 9.1 ... in area.
. 10 No dangerous targets on radar .
. 10.1 Attention. Dangerous targets on radar .
. 11 Call Master if any vessel pass with CPA of less than .... miles.
. 11.1 Call Master if ... .
IV-A/ 3.3 Briefing on navigational aids and equipment status
. 1 Starboard side radar at ... miles range scale.
. 1.1 Port side radar at ... miles range scale.
. 2 Radar relative head-up.
. 2.1 Radar relative north-up.
. 2.2 Radar relative course-up.
. 2.3 Radar true-motion north-up.
. 2.4 Radar true-motion course-up.
. 3 GPS in operation.
. 3.1 GPS not in operation.
. 4 LORAN in operation.
. 4.1 LORAN not in operation.
. 5 DECCA in operation.
. 5.1 DECCA not in operation.
. 6 Echo sounder at ... metres range scale.
. 6.1 Echo sounder recordings unreliable.
. 7 Changed to manual steering (at ... UTC/local time).
. 7.1 Changed to automatic steering (at ... UTC/local time).
. 8 Navigation lights switched on.
. 8.1 Navigation lights switched off.
IV-A/ 3.4 Briefing on radiocommunications
. 1 INMARSAT ...(type of system) operational.
. 1.1 INMARSAT ...(type of system) not operational.
. 2 Starboard side VHF on channel ... (dual watch).
. 2.1 Port side VHF on channel ... (dual watch).
. 3 VHF DSC channel 70 switched on.
. 4 VHF channel ... switched on.
. 5 DSC controller switched on.
. 6 DSC frequency 2187.5 kHz is switched on.
. 7 NAVTEX switched on.
. 8 Portable VHF on channel 15/17.
. 9 Following received on ... at ... UTC/ local time.
.10 Shore based radar assistance/VTS on VHF channel ... .
.11 Pilot station on VHF channel ... .
.12 Pilot station requires information.
.12.1 Pilot station requires flag state.
.12.2 Pilot station requires call sign/ identification.
.12.3 Pilot station requires draft.
.12.4 Pilot station requires gross tonnage.
.12.5 Pilot station requires length overall.
.12.6 Pilot station requires kind of cargo.
.12.7 Pilot station requires ETA at .... .
.12.8 Pilot station requires ... .
IV-A/ 3.5 Briefing on meteorological conditions
. 1 Weak (tidal) current setting .... degrees.
. 1.1 Strong (tidal) current setting .... degrees.
. 1.2 Direction of (tidal) current will change in ... hours.
. 2 Fog/mist/dust/rain/snow/ ... in area.
. 3 Automatic fog signal switched on.
. 4 Wind increased within last ... hours.
. 4.1 Wind decreased within last ... hours.
. 4.2 Wind ... (compass points) force ... .
. 4.3 Wind changed from .... (compass points) to .... (compass points).
. 5 Sea state expected to change (within .... hours).
. 6 Sea/swell of ... metres from ...(compass points) expected (within .... hours).
. 7 Tsunami/ abnormal wave expected by ... UTC/local time.
. 8 Visibility ...kilometres/ nautical miles.
. 8.1 Visibility reduced by fog.
. 8.2 Visibility reduced by mist.
. 8.3 Visibility reduced by dust.
. 8.4 Visibility reduced by rain.
. 8.5 Visibility reduced by snow.
. 8.6 Visibility reduced by ... .
. 8.7 Visibility expected to increase to ...kilometres/ nautical miles (within ... hours).
. 8.8 Visibility expected to decrease to ... kilometres/ nautical miles (within ... hours).
. 8.9 Visibility expected variable between ... and ... kilometres/ nautical miles
(within .... hours).
. 9 Next weather report at ... UTC/local time.
.10 Atmospheric pressure ... millibars.
.10.1 Barometric change ... millibars per hour.
.10.2 Barometric change ... millibars within last ... hours.
.10.3 Barometer steady.
.10.4 Barometer dropping (rapidly).
.10.5 Barometer rising (rapidly).
.11 Gale warning for area ... at ... UTC/local time.
.11.1 Tropical storm warning for area ... at ... UTC/local time.
IV-A/ 3.6 Briefing on standing orders and bridge organization
(for details also see: The Nautical Institute, Bridge Watchkeeping - A Practical Guide,
. 1 Standing orders for period from ... to ... UTC/local time: ... .
. 2 Standing orders for area ... : ... .
. 3 Take notice of changes in standing orders.
. 4 Do you understand standing orders?
. 4.1 Yes, I understand standing orders.
. 4.2 No, I do not understand, please explain.
. 5 Read standing orders.
. 5.1 Sign standing orders.
. 6 Latest fire patrol was at ... UTC/local time.
. 6.1 Latest security patrol was at ... UTC/local time.
. 6.1.1 Everything in order.
. 6.1.2 Following stated: ... .
. 6.1.3 Following measures taken: ... .
. 6.1.4 Following requires attention: ... .
. 7 Lookout standing by.
. 8 Helmsman standing by.
. 9 Call Master at ... UTC/local time in position ... .
IV-A/ 3.7 Briefing on special events (also see PART III, Safety communications)
. 1 Engine alarm at ... UTC/local time due to ......
. 2 Speed reduced at ... UTC/local time due to ......
. 3 Engine(s)stopped at ... UTC/local time due to ......
. 4 Course altered at ... UTC/local time due to ....
. 5 Master/Chief Engineer called at ... UTC/local time due to ... .
IV-A/ 3.8 Briefing on temperatures, pressures and soundings
. 1 ...(equipment) temperature ... degrees (centigrade).
. 1.1 ... temperature below normal.
. 1.2 ... temperature above normal.
. 1.3 ... temperature critical.
. 2 ...(equipment) pressure ... kiloponds/bars.
. 2.1 ... pressure below normal.
. 2.2 ... pressure above normal.
. 2.3 ... pressure critical.
. 3 Ballast/fresh water/fuel/ oil/slop sounding ... metres/ cubic metres.
. 3.1 Sounding of no ... cargo tank ... metres/ cubic metres.
. 3.2 Sounding of no ... cargo hold ... centimetres.
. 3.3 Sounding of ... ... .
IV-A/ 3.9 Briefing on operation of main engine and auxiliary equipment (also see 3.8)
. 1 (present) revolutions of main engine(s) ... per minute.
. 2 (present) output of main engine(s) ... kilowatts.
. 2.1 (present) output of auxiliary engine(s) ... kilowatts.
. 3 (present) pitch of propeller(s) ... degrees.
. 4 Problems with machinery.
. 4.1 Problems with main engine(s).
. 4.2 Problems with auxiliary engine(s).
. 4.3 Problems with ... .
. 5 No problems with ... .
. 6 Call watch engineer (if problems continue).
. 6.1 Call watch engineer ... minutes before arrival at approach/at ... UTC/local time.
IV-A/ 3.10 Briefing on pumping of fuel, ballast water, etc.
. 1 No pumping at present.
. 2 Filled (no.) ... double bottom tank(s).
. 2.1 Filling (no.) ... double bottom tank(s).
. 3 Discharged (no.) ... double bottom tank(s).
. 3.1 Discharging (no.) ... double bottom tank(s).
. 4 Filled (no.) ... tanks(s).
. 4.1 Filling (no.) ... tanks(s).
. 5 Discharged (no.) ... tanks(s).
. 5.1 Discharging (no.) ... tanks(s).
. 6 Transferred fuel/ballast/ fresh water/ oil from (no.) ... tank(s) to (no.) ... tank(s).
. 6.1 Transferring fuel/ballast/ fresh water/ oil from (no.) ... tank(s) to (no.) ... tank(s).
. 7 Require further generator to operate additional pump(s).
IV-A/ 3.11 Briefing on special machinery events and repairs
. 1 Breakdown of main engine(s) (at ... UTC/local time)..
. 1.1 Breakdown of main engine(s) from ... to ... UTC/local time.
. 2 Breakdown of ... (at ... UTC/local time)
. 2.1 Breakdown of ... from ... to ... UTC/local time.
. 3 Total blackout (at ... UTC/local time).
. 3.1 Total blackout from ... to ... UTC/local time.
. 3.2 Blackout in ...(at ... UTC/local time) .
. 3.3 Blackout in ... from ... to ... UTC/local time.
. 4 Main engine(s) stopped ... at ... UTC/local time due to ... ..
. 4.1 Main engine(s) stopped from ... to... UTC/local time due to ... .
. 5 Speed reduced (at ... UTC/local time) due to ... .
. 5.1 Speed reduced from ... to ... UTC/local time due to ... .
. 6 Call Master/ Chief engineer if revolutions of main engine(s) below ... per minute.
. 6.1 Call Master/ Chief engineer/ watch engineer if ... .
IV-A/ 3.12 Briefing on record keeping
. 1 Log books/record books completed and signed.
. 1.1 Note book entries will be copied (into the log books/ record books) after watch.
. 2 Change paper of data logger/ echo sounder/ ... recorder.
. 2.1 Refill toner/ ink of data logger/ echo sounder/ ... recorder .
IV-A/ 3.13 Handing and taking over the watch or the conn
.1 (The Master or an officer handing over the watch should say:)
You now have the watch.
.1.1 (The relieving officer should confirm and say:)
I now have the watch.
.2 (The Master when called to the bridge and taking over the conn from the officer of the watch, should say:)
I now have the conn.
.2.1 (The officer of the watch should confirm and say:)
You now have the conn.
IV-A/ 4 Trim, list and stability
. 1 Vessel on even keel (at present).
. 1.1 Vessel ... metres down by the head /by the stern (at present).
. 2 No list (at present).
. 2.1 (present) list ... degrees to port side/ starboard side.
. 2.2 Fuel/ ballast/ fresh water/ oil transferred from (no.) ... tank(s)
to (no.) ... tank(s) to correct list.
. 2.3 We must transfer fuel/ ballast/ fresh water/ oil from (no.) ... tank(s)
to (no.) ... tank(s) to correct list.
. 2.4 Cargo restowed in (no.) ... hold(s) to correct list.
. 2.4.1 Deck cargo restowed to correct list.
. 2.5 We must restow cargo in (no.) ... hold(s) to correct list.
. 3 (present) stability good.
. 3.1 (present) stability poor.
. 3.2 (no.) ... double bottom tank(s) filled to improve stability.
. 3.3 Fuel/ ballast/ fresh water/ oil transferred from (no.) ... tank(s)
to (no.) ... tank(s) to improve stability.
. 3.4 We must transfer fuel/ ballast/ fresh water/ oil from (no.) ... tank(s)
to (no.) ... tank(s) to improve stability.
. 3.5 Cargo restowed in (no.) ... hold(s) to improve stability.
. 3.5.1 Cargo restowed on deck to improve stability.
. 3.6 We must restow cargo in (no.) ... hold(s).
. 3.6.1 We must restow cargo on deck to improve stability.
. 3.7 Containers restowed from ... to ... to improve stability.
. 3.8 We must restow containers from ... to ... to improve stability.
IV-A/ 5 Pilot on the bridge
IV-A/ 5.1 Propulsion system
. 1 Is engine diesel or turbine?
. 1.1 Engine is diesel.
. 1.2 Engine is turbine.
. 2 Is engine - room manned or is engine on bridge control?
. 2.1 Engine - room manned.
. 2.2 Engine on bridge control.
. 3 How long does it take to change engine from ahead to astern?
. 3.1 It takes ... minutes to change engine (from ahead to astern).
. 4 How long does it take to start engine from stopped?
. 4.1. It takes ... seconds to start engine (from stopped).
. 5 Is extra power available in emergency?
. 5.1 Yes, extra power available.
. 5.2 No, extra power not available.
. 6 Do you have controllable or fixed pitch propeller?
. 6.1 We have controllable pitch propeller.
. 6.2 We have fixed pitch propeller.
. 7 Do you have right - hand or left - hand propeller?
. 7.1 We have right - hand propeller.
. 7.2 We have left - hand propeller.
. 8 Do you have single propeller or twin propellers?
. 8.1 We have single propeller.
. 8.2 We have twin propellers.
. 9 Do you have bow thruster or stern thruster?
. 9.1 We have bow thruster.
. 9.2 We have stern thruster.
. 9.3 We have no thrusters.
.10 What is maximum manoeuvring power ahead?
.10.1 Maximum manoeuvring power ahead ... kiloWatts.
.11 What is maximum manoeuvring power astern?
.11.1 Maximum manoeuvring power astern ... kiloWatts.
.12 What are maximum revolutions ahead/astern?
.12.1 Maximum revolutions ahead/astern ...
.13 Do twin propellers turn inward or outward when going ahead.
.13.1 Twin propellers turn inward (when going ahead).
.13.2 Twin propellers turn outward (when going ahead).
IV-A/ 5.2 Manoeuvring
. 1 I require pilot card/ manoeuvring data.
. 2 What is diameter of turning circle?
. 2.1 Diameter of turning circle ... metres.
. 3 What is advance and transfer distance in crash-stop?
. 3.1 Advance ... kilometres/ nautical miles, transfer distance ... degrees
. 4 How long does it take from hard-a-port to hard-a-starboard?
. 4.1 It takes ... minutes (from hard-a-port to hard-a-starboard).
. 5 Is turning effect of propeller very strong?
. 5.1 Yes, turning effect of propeller very strong.
. 5.2 No, turning effect of propeller not very strong.
. 6 Where is whistle control.
. 6.1 Whistle control on console.
. 6.2 Whistle control on ... .
. 7 What notice is required to reduce from full sea speed to manoeuvring speed?
. 7.1 ... minutes notice required (to reduce from full sea speed to manoeuvring speed).
. 8 Do you have automatic pilot?
. 8.1 Yes, we have automatic pilot.
. 8.2 No, we have no automatic pilot.
. 9 Does helmsman understand English?
. 9.1 Yes, helmsman understands English.
. 9.2 No, helmsman does not understand English.
. 9.3 Helmsman understands wheel orders.
.10 Give ... short blast(s) (on whistle).
.10.1 Give ... long blast(s) (on whistle).
.11 Stand by lookout.
.11.1 Lookout standing by.
.12 Maintain speed of ... knots.
.13 What is (manoeuvring) speed at full/ half/ slow/ dead slow ahead?
.13.1 Manoeuvring speed at full/ half/ slow/ dead slow ahead ... knots.
.14 Fairway speed ... knots.
.15 What is full sea speed?
.15.1 Full sea speed ... knots.
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